A Better Brain in Four Days

We’d all like to think better, but few of us have the time or desire to, say, spend years in a Tibetan monastery learning to meditate. Past studies have shown that such extended training can indeed improve cognitive functioning. Remarkable new research shows that just four days of meditating for 20 minutes per day produced significant benefits as measured by a battery of tests of cognition.

The experiment involved 63 student volunteers, 49 of whom completed the experiment. Participants were randomly assigned in approximately equivalent numbers to one of two groups, one of which received the meditation training while the other group listened for equivalent periods of time to a book (J.R.R. Tolkein’s The Hobbit) being read aloud.

Prior to and following the meditation and reading sessions, the participants were subjected to a broad battery of behavioral tests assessing mood, memory, visual attention, attention processing, and vigilance.

Both groups performed equally on all measures at the beginning of the experiment. Both groups also improved following the meditation and reading experiences in measures of mood, but only the group that received the meditation training improved significantly in the cognitive measures. The meditation group scored consistently higher averages than the reading/listening group on all the cognitive tests and as much as ten times better on one challenging test that involved sustaining the ability to focus, while holding other information in mind. [From Science Daily - Brief Meditative Exercise Helps Cognition.]

Fadel Zeidan, a post-doc at Wake Forest University, is the primary researcher. The findings were published in the April 2, 2010 issue of Consciousness and Cognition, and were presented at the annual meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society earlier this month.

The subjects who received the meditation training performed particularly well on timed tests. One test required participants to remember if a particular stimulus had been received two steps earlier. A correct answer allowed the participant to continue, but the speed of stimuli was increased, making each step more difficult. The non-meditation subjects averaged only a single correct answer, while the meditation-trained group averaged ten. That’s an amazing ten-time improvement in a relatively difficult test.

These findings sound like a bogus infomercial that promises ripped abs and a sculpted physique with six minutes of light exercise a day, but the work appears to be rigorous. I don’t know about you, but I’m going to set aside twenty minutes daily and see what happens. Non-pharmaceutical cognitive enhancement may be easier than we thought.

(Images via Shutterstock)

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Roger Dooley writes and speaks about marketing, and in particular the use of neuroscience and behavioral research to make advertising, marketing, and products better. He is the primary author at Neuromarketing, and founder of Dooley Direct LLC, a marketing consultancy. Follow him on Twitter.

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6 responses to "A Better Brain in Four Days" — Your Turn

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Sebastian Stadil
Twitter: sebastianstadil
28. April 2010 at 3:50 pm

How is this meditation done?

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Roger Dooley
Twitter: rogerdooley
28. April 2010 at 4:09 pm

Sebastian, this is how they describe the meditation:

The meditation training involved in the study was an abbreviated “mindfulness” training regime modeled on basic “Shamatha skills” from a Buddhist meditation tradition, conducted by a trained facilitator. As described in the paper, “participants were instructed to relax, with their eyes closed, and to simply focus on the flow of their breath occurring at the tip of their nose. If a random thought arose, they were told to passively notice and acknowledge the thought and to simply let ‘it’ go, by bringing the attention back to the sensations of the breath.” Subsequent training built on this basic model, teaching physical awareness, focus, and mindfulness with regard to distraction.

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Sebastian Stadil
Twitter: sebastianstadil
28. April 2010 at 4:46 pm

Thanks for the explanation.

I wrote this blog post last year on using Brain workshop to enhance your fluid and crystallized intelligence: http://blog.stadil.com/using-technology-to-enhance-the-human-brain-part-2/ – you might find it an interesting starting point for research.

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Kelly Watson
Twitter: kellywatson
29. April 2010 at 8:12 am

One of my long-time goals has been to meditate for 15 minutes each morning before work. So far, so good!

Cheri Huber has a number of great books on meditation and zen practice. I especially enjoyed “Making Change For Good: A Compassionate Guide To Self-Discipline.”

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Naomi Mather 13. May 2010 at 7:36 am

As a person who meditates regularly I firmly believe that it helps with concentration and focus. I also think that maintaining mindfulness each day will help with the understanding of the human ‘mind’ as a whole. And once you totally understand yourself understanding others and their behaviour comes so much easier.
It has been proved that meditation changes the brain. Check out the book…
Train Your Mind, Change Your Brain: How a New Science Reveals Our Extraordinary Potential to Transform Ourselves. By Sharon Begley

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Roger Dooley
Twitter: rogerdooley
13. May 2010 at 7:50 am

Actually, I reviewed Begley’s book here: Train Your Mind, Change Your Brain. You have likely read it, Naomi, but if not I’m sure you will enjoy The Brain That Changes Itself.

Roger

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