Years ago, when The Tonight Show ruled late-night TV and when all the guests weren’t celebrities promoting their latest book, movie, or TV show, host Johnny Carson interviewed the Girl Scout who sold the most cookies that year. This young lady, Markita Andrews, set a cookie-sales record that has yet to be broken. What was her technique? In addition to hard work, she used a framing strategy to make her customers view the purchase as a trivial expense: […]
It’s no great surprise to marketers, or even most semi-aware humans, that people often make decisions based more on emotion than on rational processing of information. Oddly, for decades economists ignored this apparent truth, assuming that business managers strove […]
All humans have built-in biases. This A to Z list of 67 different cognitive biases explains what they are and how to use them to improve conversion rates.
Everything in conversion optimization comes down to the customer making a decision... Yes or no. That’s the clutch point in conversion optimization. Leading up to this decision is the process of decision making.
Can an initial rejection actually help you get the “yes” you really want? Surprisingly, if you create the right first and second requests, it can. Persuasion expert Robert Cialdini conducted a classic experiment that demonstrates the technique by soliciting volunteers to work with troubled kids. […]
Two Customer Types
Taglines for products and brands are everywhere, but often they don’t get the attention they deserve. A variety of research shows that one phrase slogans can have a profound effect on how customers see the product. One key factor in crafting that phrase is matching its content to the customer’s mindset, and in particular to two important consumer motivations: prevention and promotion. […]
If I gave you $50 with the following two choices, what would you do?
Gamble, with a 50/50 chance of keeping or losing the whole $50.
An experimenter posed that question to subjects, and found that 43% of the subjects chose to gamble. Then the options were changed to: […]
Well, the Slovenian Advertising Festival has drawn to a close, and I’ve finally got a few minutes to comment on the experience and share some of the things I learned in my few days in Portoroz. First, my Neuromarketing keynote, or “lecture” as seems to be the local translation, went just fine. I was a bit concerned about the language issue – 95% of the conference was in Slovenian, with only a few English segments. It seemed that language wasn’t as big a barrier as I feared. My segment was well attended, almost all hands went up when I asked who spoke English, and when I said something funny the audience laughed. (That doesn’t always happen even with native English-speaking audiences!) Still, I wondered if for this presentatation I should have broken one of the PowerPoint maxims and actually added MORE text to my slides. I speak a bit of Spanish, and I can often comprehend Spanish text better than rapidly spoken words. […]
Need to sell more without cutting prices or spending more on ads? It may be possible. Last week, I wrote about Guy Kawasaki’s new compendium of business savvy, Reality Check. One of the little gems he writes about is an experiment that involved selling door to door note cards. A simple but rather weird change in the sales pitch caused the close rate to jump from 40% to 80%: […]
I’ve been waiting for the first news of neuromarketing in the 2008 U.S. presidential election, and it has arrived a full year before the election itself. The first few conclusions seem so obvious as to not require firing up a multi-millon dollar fMRI machine:
Voters sense both peril and promise in party brands.
Emotions about Hillary Clinton are mixed.
Hillary Clinton and Rudy Giuliani are on opposite sides of the gender divide.
These were among eight conclusions of a brain scan study described in an New York Times Op-Ed piece, This Is Your Brain on Politics, credited to Marco Iacoboni, Joshua Freedman and Jonas Kaplan of the University of California, Los Angeles, Semel Institute for Neuroscience; Kathleen Hall Jamieson of the Annenberg Public Policy Center at the University of Pennsylvania; and Tom Freedman, Bill Knapp and Kathryn Fitzgerald of FKF Applied Research. The details involved in reaching each conclusion may be more interesting than the seemingly bland summaries. Here’s the Hillary Clinton one, for example: […]